The Perfection of Wisdom:
Quotes from the Theravada Tradition
Wisdom is the chief cause for the practice of the other
perfections. Without wisdom, giving and so forth do not become purified
and cannot perform their functions. Without wisdom there is no
achievement of vision, and without the achievement of vision there can
be no accomplishment of virtue. One lacking in virtue and vision
cannot achieve concentration, and without concentration one cannot even
secure one's own welfare, much less the lofty goal of providing for the
welfare of others.
Wisdom has the characteristic of penetrating the real specific
nature (of phenomena) like the penetration of an arrow shot by a
skilful archer; its function is to illuminate the field of experience,
like a lamp; its manifestation is non-confusion, like a guide in a
forest; concentration, or the Four (Noble) Truths, is its proximate
Wisdom is mentioned immediately after renunciation: a) because
renunciation is perfected and purified by wisdom; b) to show that since
concentration is the proximate cause of wisdom, there is no wisdom in
the absence of meditation (which requires renunciation or letting go).
Great compassion and skilful means (directed toward liberation)
are conditions for the perfections. Skilful means is the wisdom which
transforms giving (and the other nine perfections) into requisites for
awakening. Through wisdom a bodhisattva brings him or herself across
(the stream of suffering), through compassion he or she leads others
across. Through wisdom one understands the suffering of others,
through compassion one strives to alleviate their suffering. Through
wisdom one destroys all attachments, but because of compassion, one
never desists from activity that benefits others. Through wisdom one is
free from "I-making" and "mine-making," through compassion one is free
from lethargy and depression. Through wisdom and compassion one becomes
one's own protector and the protector of others.
Wisdom is the opposite of greed, hate and delusion is so far as
greed, hate and delusion create blindness, while knowledge restores
Acariya Dhammapala, adapted from A Treatise on the Paramis
A fool conscious of her foolishness
Is to that extent wise.
But a fool who considers himself wise
Is the one to be called a fool.
Like someone pointing to treasure
Is the wise person
Who sees your faults and points them out.
Associate with such a sage.
Good will come of it, not bad,
If you associate with one such as this.
Irrigators guide water;
Fletchers shape arrows;
Carpenters fashion wood;
Sages tame themselves.
As a solid mass of rock
Is not moved by the wind,
So a sage is not moved
By praise and blame.
As a deep lake
Is clear and undisturbed,
So a sage becomes clear
Upon hearing the Dharma.
One is not wise
Only because one speaks a lot.
One who is peaceful, without hate, and fearless
Is said to be wise.
"All things are impermanent."
Seeing this with wisdom,
One becomes disenchanted with suffering.
This is the path to purity.
Wisdom arises from [spiritual] practice;
Without practice it decays.
Knowing these paths to gain and loss,
Conduct yourself so that wisdom grows.
There is no meditative absorption
There is no wisdom
Without meditative absorption.
One is close to Nirvana.
"And what is the wisdom of one who is in training? There is the case
where a monk discerns as it actually is that 'This is stress... This is
the origination of stress... This is the cessation of stress... This is
the path of practice leading to the cessation of stress.'
Anguttara Nikaya III.73
These, monks, are the seven treasures.
The treasure of conviction,
the treasure of virtue,
the treasure of conscience & concern,
the treasure of listening, generosity,
and wisdom as the seventh treasure.
Whoever, man or woman, has these treasures
is said not to be poor, has not lived in vain.
So conviction & virtue, confidence and Dhamma-vision
should be cultivated by the wise,
remembering the Buddhas' instruction.
Anguttara Nikaya VII.6
All mental constructions are impermanent;
They are of the nature to arise and pass away.
Having arisen, they cease.
Happiness is when they are at peace.